Each country has its own unique culture, and so is China. Let’s learn about Chinese culture together to see how their culture is different from our own!
Chinese culture is a broad concept with vast knowledge. It includes all the material and spiritual values created and preserved by the Chinese people in more than 5,000-years of their history. To fully understand Chinese culture requires intensive study. However, with internet development and the worldwide representation of Chinese culture in contemporary media, it is easier for people to have a basic understanding of this topic. Additionally, people are increasingly more curious about Chinese unique cultural facts.
China is known as the largest country and has the second-largest population in the world. In this densely populated country, there are many great people who have contributed tremendously to the country’s cultural heritage. Besides, there are also the world’s wonders and famous landscapes. We also have to mention the long-standing and rich culture of China in global world history. A culture is known as the God of Tradition. Although it has gone through many ups and downs in history, Chinese culture is still handed down to this day.
When it comes to a long-standing culture, it is certainly impossible to not mention the 12 unique quintessence of China of all times. Let’s find out these special features with Pandanese!
Peking opera has been associated with Chinese culture for 5,000 years. Peking opera is the convergence of cultural quintessence and historical wisdom. It can also be said that this is the foundation, the root of Chinese culture. Some cultural experts consider this as the source and factor of philosophical development.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Next is the success of long-standing Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Traditional Chinese Medicine is very different from Western in a way that it does not focus on science and pills. Instead, it concentrates on balance, harmony, and energy. Since ancient times, Chinese Traditional Medicine has been incorporating a range of health and healing practices, folk beliefs, literary theory and Confucian philosophy, herbal remedies, food, diet, exercise, medical specializations, and schools of thought.
Traditional Costume – Hanfu
Next is the traditional costume of the Han ethnic group – the largest ethnic group in China. Hanfu is known for its shimmering, detailed outfits, beautiful and eye-catching color combinations. All Han costumes originated from a very long time ago, from the time of Shang dynasty (1600–1000 BC).
Mainland China is the place where the earliest silk production was discovered in the world. Since then, silk in this country has continued to be well mentioned in the world. From quality to color, Chinese silk is extremely attractive and in high demand. Chinese silk products can satisfy the most demanding customers in the world. The wife of Emperor Xuanyuan was Lui To, who was credited with inventing silk in China. It was thanks to this achievement that she was given the name “Humanity female ancestor”.
Tea processing techniques
Growing, drying, and making tea processes all originated in China and have grown in popularity all over the world. The tea ceremony is the art of enjoying tea known to people with high taste and fond of Asian cultures. Tea was discovered in ancient China 7000 years ago, from the Shennong era. Since ancient times, China has developed tea leaves, which are used to make medicine, in addition to drinking tea.
Porcelain crafting technology
The homeland of porcelain is China. That’s why the name of the country in English is “China” and the word “China” itself also means porcelain. Not only that but China’s special porcelain-making techniques were also developed and spread all over the world. This success brought great contributions to Chinese culture. From this invention, China is also known as “the country of porcelain”.
Next is the art of Calligraphy which has been the famous Chinese art known through the ages. And so on, through each era calligraphy is developed more perfectly and constantly growing stronger. Calligraphy is a combination of visual art and interpretation of literary meaning. Calligraphy as a type of expression has been widely practiced in China and generally held in high esteem across East Asia. Back in the time, Calligraphy was considered as one of the four most-pursued skills and hobbies of ancient Chinese literati, along with playing stringed musical instruments.
Ancient Chinese Painting
Besides calligraphy, China is also known for the art of ancient Chinese paintings. This is a long-standing traditional art form of the Han ethnic group. The main difference is that ancient Chinese paintings are used with brushes. The brush will only be dotted with water ink to be able to draw on silk and paper products. This type of painting is known as “Chinese painting”, or people still consider it as “National Painting”. In most ancient Chinese paintings, poems are often drawn on the paintings to add extra elegance and meaning.
China is known as the cradle of martial arts. From real-life to movies, all exude the beauty and characteristics of Chinese culture. Blockbuster movies such as Ip Man and Wing Chun bring Chinese martial arts one step closer to a wide audience. Additionally, a great number of famous martial arts such as Shaolin Temple, Tai Chi Quan, Wing Chun Quan, Depending on the Rights also put Chinese Martial Arts on the cultural world map.
A study that has brought a contribution to the whole of mankind in medicine is acupuncture, A key component of traditional Chinese medicine. Acupuncture is a medical legacy of the Han people. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very thin needles through your skin at strategic points on your body and is most commonly used to treat pain. Acupuncture is deemed as a technique for balancing the flow of energy or life force which is known as chi or qi (chee) and believed to flow through pathways (meridians) in the body, according to Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Chopsticks and Chinese Cuisine
Chinese cuisine and dishes are extremely diverse in tastes and presentation. Especially, on holidays and festivals, the dishes are well prepared and fully presented. These dishes vary from recipes to processing methods such as fried, steamed, boiled, braised or fried. During the Lunar New Year, people often eat dumplings and whole pepper cakes (hujiao bings). Each festival will have different types of cakes showing different traditions.