The lunar new year is around the corner! 2022 will be the year of the Tiger, which symbolizes vigor and success. When the new year comes, Chinese people love decorating their houses in red, wearing red clothes, and giving and receiving lucky money. The color red brings good fortune and keeps evil away. That’s why red is a prominent color in most important events in Chinese life. From New Year’s lucky money envelopes and decorations to weddings, you’ll see red on display.
Chinese New Year’s customs are always fascinating because of the deep meaning and great history behind them. A cool way to learn more about Chinese New Year’s traditions and cultures is to learn the vocabulary! So, let’s take a look!
Chinese New Year 2022: An overview
Chinese New Year, also known as Lunar New Year or Spring Festival, is China’s biggest and most important festival. In the minds of most Chinese people, Chinese New Year’s Day signifies the beginning of a wonderful new year and is the most auspicious time of the year.
There are also many beliefs and superstitions connected with the holiday, such as not taking out the garbage, or avoiding lending or borrowing money. Generally, people will get 7-15 days off work to spend time with their families and loved ones.
Chinese New Year 2022 will fall on Tuesday, February 1st, 2022, beginning The Year of the Tiger. China’s public holiday will be from January 31st to February 6th, 2022, where workers and schools have time off to celebrate.
Chinese New Year full vocabulary list
For this list we’ve grouped all the vocabulary associated with Chinese New Year into the following four categories:
1. Special events and dates
Here you’ll see the important events and dates during the Chinese New Year. As mentioned above, these new words will give you a good insight into Chinese traditions and how Chinese people celebrate the new year!
|1||春节||chūnjié||Chinese New Year/Spring Festival|
|2||农历新年||nóng lì xīn nián||Lunar New Year|
|3||除夕||chúxī||Chinese New Year’s Eve|
|4||大年初一||dànián chūyī||New Year’s Day|
|5||初二||chūèr||Day After New Year’s|
|6||元宵节/正月十五||yuán xiāo jié/zhēngyuèshíwǔ||Lantern Festival|
|7||正月||zhēng yuè||The first month of the lunar year|
|8||腊月||làyuè||Twelfth month of the lunar year|
|9||春运||chūnyùn||Spring Festival Migration (hundreds of million people travel to their hometown for New Year)|
|10||团圆饭||tuányuán fàn||Family reunion dinner|
|11||春节晚会||chūnjié wǎnhuì||Chinese New Year Gala|
|13||年夜饭||nián yè fàn||New Years dinner|
|14||过年||guònián||Celebrate the New Year|
|15||拜年||bàinián||New Year’s visit|
Just a side note, you will see other expressions and phrases meaning “Chinese New Year’ as well, but 春节 (chūnjié) is still the most common one.
2. Chinese New Year greetings
This category will look at how Chinese people wish each other a Happy New Year and send blessings to one another. We’ve also included business greeting phrases that you can use with your boss or colleagues.
|1||新年好||Xīnnián hǎo||Happy Chinese New Year(informal)|
|2||新年快乐||xīn nián kuài lè||Happy Chinese New Year(formal)|
|3||恭喜发财||gōngxǐfācái||Happiness and prosperity|
|4||万事如意||wàn shì rú yì||May all go well with you!|
|5||祝你心想事成||zhù nǐ xīnxiǎng-shì chéng||May all your wishes come true|
|6||年年有余||niánniányǒuyú||May you have abundance year after year|
|7||身体健康||shēn tǐ jiàn kāng||Wishing you good health!|
|8||虎年大吉||hǔ nián dà jí||Wishing you luck in the year of the Tiger!|
|9||阖家欢乐||hé jiā huān lè||Happiness for the whole family!|
|10||岁岁平安||suìsuì-píng’ān||Everlasting peace year after year|
|11||工作顺利||gōng zuò shùn lì||May your work go smoothly!|
|12||事业有成||shì yè yǒu chéng||Success in your career!|
|13||步步高升||bù bù gāo shēng||Promotions at every step!|
3. Chinese New Year objects and activities
In Chinese culture, people exchange gifts and lucky money to wish others fortune and health for the coming year. They also visit relatives, watch lion dances or comedic skits on national television. Another must-do festive activity is setting off firecrackers and fireworks. It is a way to scare away evil spirits and welcome in the new year. At exactly 12 midnight and in the following few minutes of The New Chinese Year, the sky all over the country explodes with billions of fireworks.
|2||压岁钱||yāsuìqián||Money given to childrenas a Lunar New Year gift|
|3||拜年||bàinián||pay someone a visit during the Chinese New Year|
|7||放鞭炮||fàng biānpào||Set off firecrackers|
|13||舞龙||wǔ lóng||Dragon dance|
|15||守夜||shǒuyè||Staying up until midnight/through the night|
4. Chinese New Year food
Chinese people have special ‘lucky food’ served during the New Year’s Eve family reunion dinner. For example, fish is a must, as the word sounds like ‘surplus’ in Chinese and represents abundance. Dumplings shaped like gold and silver ingots which were common in ancient China symbolize wealth and prosperity. Niángo (glutinous rice cake) is also a lucky food representing a greater wealth or position because the word sounds like ‘year high.’
Below is the full list of Chinese New Year’ lucky food’:
|2||汤圆||tāngyuán||Glutinous rice dumplings|
|4||年糕||niángāo||New Year cake|
|5||长寿面||chángshòu miàn||Longevity noodles|
There you have it. Our list of useful Chinese New Year vocabulary. For Chinese people, the Lunar New Year is an enormously important holiday.
Now you can use these Chinese New Year greetings and sayings and join in the fun and celebrate.
Happy Chinese New Year!
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