China is famous for its richness in arts, academia and cultures. One of the main reason being that the country has an extensive and deep ancient history.
Let’s find out the top 3 best amazing cultural facts about China. This knowledge can be so handy if you ever travel to China or have interaction with the Chinese.
Art, Academia and Literature
The Chinese invented many musical instruments, such as the ancient zigzag, the flute, and the erhu, which were popular throughout East and Southeast Asia, especially in areas within China’s sphere of influence. Sanh is a basic ingredient in Western free-reed instruments.
Chinese characters have had many variations and spellings throughout Chinese history, and by the mid-20th century were “simplified” in mainland China. Calligraphy is the main art form in China, considered by many to be above painting and music. Since often associated with the owners were elite mandarins-scholars, calligraphy works were subsequently commercialized, in which the works of famous artists were highly valued.
China has many beautiful landscapes and is the inspiration for many great works of Chinese art. For details, see the article Chinese Painting.
Calligraphy, sushi, and bonsai are all thousands of years old art forms that have spread to Japan and North Korea.
For centuries, China’s economic and social progress has been attributed to the high quality of feudal education. This leads to a meritocracy, although in reality only men and those with a relatively low life can take these exams, as well as requiring a diligent study. This is a completely different system from the Western blood-based aristocracy.
These exams require candidates to write essays as well as demonstrate an understanding of Confucian classics. Those who passed the highest exams became elite scholar-mandarins called doctors. The doctoral degree has a highly respected political-economic position in China and surrounding countries. And the evil of the cult of education in East Asian countries is still present to this day.
Chinese literature has a long history of development due to printing techniques dating back to the Song Dynasty. Before that, ancient books and books on religion and medicine were mainly written with brush (before that, on armor or on bamboo paper) and then released. Tens of thousands of ancient texts still exist today, from armor-bone scripts to Qing edicts, are discovered every day.
Chinese philosophers, writers and poets are largely respected and play an important role in maintaining and disseminating Chinese culture. A number of other scholars, are also noted for daring to sacrifice themselves for the public interest even against the will of the government.
China is one of those countries where there are cultural rules regarding communication that are expected to be followed. Let’s have a look at these cultural communication rules to see if you have ever encountered them in person or in the media.
Do not shake hands firmly, but loosely or gently. Greet the most powerful person first, not the woman first. When introducing someone to someone, it is never allowed to use the index finger to point at that person, very rude, it is best to use the whole hand that has been stretched out and then point at that person.
Getting to know
When meeting to get acquainted, you can ask personal things such as whether you are married, how many children, even about salary. If you are asked that, you should not avoid answering. The topic of discussion when meeting and getting acquainted should be sports, preferably football, absolutely should not mention political topics, there should be no criticism.
Negotiating with the Chinese is not simple and often takes a long time. The beginning is usually a long party in which business is not discussed but saved for the end of the meal. If you don’t come to an agreement, don’t be upset, but try to be happy and affirm that you are very interested in reaching an agreement for business cooperation. Usually after a few days there will be positive changes.
The Chinese abstain from the number 4 because in Chinese it can be understood as “death”. So don’t give anything related to this number.
Handing out business cards
Don’t forget to always carry a business card with you. When you give and receive business cards, do with both hands and remember to read the business card received before putting it away.
Do not knock on the bowl with chopsticks because that is the behavior of beggars. Never stick chopsticks into a bowl of rice because only rice offered to the dead can do that. When dining at a Chinese place, you should not be afraid of the noises caused by eating and drinking. The Chinese consider it a sign that guests are eating well. When invited to a party, Chinese people are usually polite and reserved, you have to regularly invite them to eat and drink, pour drinks (wine, beer) often have to be full, if there is no waiter, men pour drinks. for women, superiors pour for subordinates.
Giving gifts is a normal practice. Fruits, cakes or alcoholic beverages can be given, but watches are not allowed because “gifting a watch” in Chinese also means “going to a funeral”. If you are given a gift by a Chinese person, do not open the gift package in front of the giver.
Stay in hotels
It is recommended to stay in hotels of mid-range or higher because it is very important to know what class your partner belongs to in China. A very common question in China is “which hotel do you stay in?”.
When doing business transactions, you must wear luxury: for men, dark suits and ties should be worn, jeans should not be worn, and colors should not be flashy. For women, it depends on the customs of their country. Usually dark pants and jackets.
In China, you can’t criticize openly and openly, but you should interpret it in another way, such as the associate or employee did a good job, the next time will definitely be better.
In China, people highly value traditional holidays. These are the times that everyone can get together and celebrate the traditions together. Since China is a big country, where people leave home to work in different cities and areas that make it difficult for them to see their loved ones on regular basis. Hence, the holidays are greatly appreciated and nicely celebrated by Chinese people.
- New Year’s Eve (December 30 of the lunar calendar every year)
- Lunar New Year (1st lunar month)
- Lantern Festival (lunar day 15th day)
- International Women’s Day (March 8)
- Tree planting festival (March 12)
- April Fools (April 1)
- Qingming New Year (April 4)
- International Labor (May 1)
- Youth New Year (May 4)
- Lunar New Year (May 5th of the lunar calendar)
- Children’s New Year (June 1)
- Party establishment date (July 1)
- The death ceremony (July 7 of the lunar calendar, August 23 of the solar calendar)
- The date of the founding of the army (August 1)
- Mid-Autumn Festival (August 15 of the lunar calendar)
- New Year’s Eve (September 9 of the lunar calendar)
- Teachers’ Day (September 10)
- Independence Day (October 1st)
- The day when the man went to heaven (December 8 of the lunar calendar)
- Christmas (December 25)
- New Year (January 1st).